Meconium is the earliest stool of a mammalian infant. It is typically composed of materials ingested before birth. This includes things like amniotic fluid, bile, intestinal epithelial cells and mucus.


An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.


Chronic, is a term used to describe a condition or disease that is persistent and long-lasting. It is often applied when the condition lasts for over three months.

Oxidative stress

Oxidative stress is an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in your body. Free radicals are molecules containing oxygen, but with an uneven number of electrons. Theses molecules easily react with other molecules because of this uneven electron count.


A hormone is a signaling molecule produced by endocrine glands in multicellular organisms. They are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate things like hunger, reproduction systems, physiology and even mood.


Antibodies, also called immunoglobulins, are large Y-shaped proteins. They are found in the blood and other body fluids of vertebrates. Antibodies are the key element in the adaptive immune system.


Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses. It is a regulating physiological function in the gut and acts as a neurotransmitter for the brain, spinal cord, and uterus.


A neuron is the basic working unit of the brain, a specialized cell designed to transmit information to other nerve cells, muscle, or gland cells.


A seizure is an electrical disturbance in the brain. It often occurs suddenly and uncontrollably. It can cause changes in behavior, movements or feelings, and in levels of consciousness.

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